By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Hermann D. Schubert MD
Offers an summary of the constitution and serve as of the retina and its courting to the pigment epithelium, choroid and vitreous. Describes the foremost vitreoretinal problems and acceptable diagnostic tools and remedy principles.
In its final significant revision, part 12 was once re-organized into 3 components. Separate chapters are actually dedicated to age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, together with the most recent imaging recommendations and choroidal aspect. chosen healing issues comprise laser remedy and vitreoretinal surgery.
Upon of entirety of part 12, readers can be capable to:
Select acceptable tools of exam and ancillary experiences for the analysis of vitreoretinal disorders
Describe the foundations of scientific and surgical operation of vitreoretinal disorders
Incorporate info from significant potential scientific trials within the administration of chosen vitreoretinal problems
Read Online or Download 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 12: Retina and Vitreous PDF
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Extra info for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 12: Retina and Vitreous
A series of follow- up recordings may be needed to determine whether the damage is con tinuing and (in cases of trauma) to differentiate the toxic effects of a foreign body from the physical effects of an injury. Johnson MA, Marcus S, Elman MJ, McPhee TJ. Neovascularization in central retinal vein occlusion: electroretinographic findings. Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(3):348-352. 42 • Retina and°Vitreous • Electro-oculogram and RPE Responses Electro-oculogram As described in Chapter 1, the RPE is a monolayer of cells that are linked by tight junctional girdles near the apical surface.
Ip MS, Duker JS. Advances in posterior segment imaging techniques. Focal Points: Clinical Modules for Ophthalmologists. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology; 1999, module 7. Fundus Autofluorescence Fundus autofluorescence (AF) is a rapid, noncontact, noninvasive way to evaluate RPE function. Autofluorescence is the intrinsic fluorescence emitted by a substance after being stimulated by excitation energy. Ocular structures that normally autofluoresce include the corneal epithelium and endothelium and lens, macular, and RPE pigments.
The technique produces a 2-dimensional image of the backscattered light from different layers in the retina, analogous to ultrasonic B-scan and radar imaging. The only difference is that OCT, using the principle of low-coherence interferometry, measures optical rather than acoustic or radio wave reflectivity. Using light instead of sound, the resolution is enhanced and the speed is much r • CHAPTER 2: Diagnostic Approach to Retinal Disease • 27 Optical coherence tomogram, showing a cross section of the retina and choroid.