By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Rod Foroozan MD
Presents a symptom-driven method of the prognosis and therapy of significant neuro-ophthalmic stipulations. With the focal point at the sufferer, this ebook emphasizes exam and acceptable adjunctive experiences, together with a dialogue of diagnostic imaging modalities, and leads the reader throughout the occasionally refined manifestations of neuro-ophthalmic ailment to anatomical localization of lesions and definitive prognosis. an summary of the anatomy of visible pathways is observed through many illustrations.
Upon finishing touch of part five, readers will be capable to:
- Describe a symptom-driven method of sufferers with universal neuro-ophthalmic proceedings in an effort to formulate a suitable differential diagnosis
- decide on the main acceptable exams and imaging, in line with symptomatology, to diagnose and deal with neuro-ophthalmic problems in an economical manner
- verify eye circulation issues and the ocular motor method
Read or Download 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 5: Neuro-Ophthalmology PDF
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Additional info for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 5: Neuro-Ophthalmology
Nevertheless, detailed anatomical, physiologic, and pathologic knowledge of the ocular motor system has increased dramatically over the past several years because of results derived from primate model experiments, human electrophysiology testing, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies, and the clinical-pathologic-radiologic correlations of disorders in patients with documented eye movement abnormalities. The ultimate purpose of the ocular motor system is to establish clear, stable, and binocular vision.
Modi- Figure 1-7 fied with permission from Kline LB. Neuro-Ophthalmology Review Manual. 6th ed. ) a blood-retina barrier. The intraretinal arterioles run within the substance of the nerve fiber layer to supply the inner two-thirds of the retina. The lacrimal artery (LA) runs parallel to the lacrimal branch of V1 in the superior lateral orbital roof to reach the lacrimal gland. It also gives off a branch that forms the anterior ciliary artery of the lateral rectus muscle and reaches the anterior segment at the muscle's insertion.
The Neurology of Eye Movements. 4th ed. ) 34 • Neuro-Ophthalmology Figure 1-24 Schematic representation of sagittal section of brainstem showing the location of the important structures involved in eye movements. The shaded areas indicate, respectively, the mesencephalic reticular formation (M RF) , para median pontine reticular formation (PPRF), and medullary reticular formation (Med RF). The dorsolateral pontine nuclei (DLPN) and y-group cells are not visible because this illustration is a mid-sagittal section and both cell groups are laterally located; they are best visualized on an axial view (through the rostral pons for DLPN and through the rostral medulla for y-group cells just above the inferior cerebellar peduncle) .