Download Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank PDF

By Ammonius, David A. Blank

Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his good judgment, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their easy elements - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of adversarial affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his means as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the nice sixth-century commentators, left simply this one remark in his personal identify, even if his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up by way of his students, who integrated Philoponus and Asclepius. His rules on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and partially from the good misplaced statement of Porphyry. the 2 most vital extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this can be one (the different being by way of Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, which are to some degree reconstructed for them

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155 The words ‘today’s’, ‘yesterday’s’, ‘last year’s’ are names, although they indicate time. g. ‘I walk’ indicates primarily this particular kind of motion of the body, and only secondarily the present time. e. chapter 3], verbs will be said also to signify time in addition, since in addition to signifying something else primarily they also have the attestation of time almost as a consequence. ‘Yesterday’s’ does not additionally signify time, but signifies it as the name assigned to this very portion of time, or rather assigned to a thing which happened during this portion of time.

These follow the sensations and presentations of things which impinge on them and cause those animals which have this power to vocalize, each according to its own nature, and to undergo all the motions they naturally do according to the affections which they have on any occasion. However, to assume that these too are signified by means of letters, which has occurred to some of those who pretend to be grammarians, would be ridiculous. Comic poets imitate frogs by ‘brekekekex koax koax’128 and swine by ‘koï, koï’129 and different birds by different vocal sounds composed of letters (engrammatoi), but one must not consider these actually to be the vocal sounds of those animals, since we shall admit that the sound of the sea as well, and the sounds of wheels130 and many other inanimate things are articulate, because we see comic poetry daring to imitate each of these things too.

78 Thus, the part of the affirmation must always be either a name or a verb, but the verb is not always a part of the proposition, namely when it is not immediately predicated of the subject as having to signify an activity or a passion or simply the existence or non-existence of the subject, but is rather used for the sake of joining the predicate to the subject. The truth of what we have said is also clear from the fact that the very names of the other parts of the sentence relate to the name and the verb.

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