By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Water Science and Technology Board, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Committee on Earth Resources, Committee on Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Development and Produced Water i
In a few coalbeds, obviously taking place water strain holds methane--the major component to typical gas--fixed to coal surfaces and in the coal. In a coalbed methane (CBM) good, pumping water from the coalbeds lowers this strain, facilitating the discharge of methane from the coal for extraction and use as an power resource. Water pumped from coalbeds in this process--CBM 'produced water'--is controlled via a few blend of remedy, disposal, garage, or use, topic to compliance with federal and nation regulations.
CBM produced water administration should be hard for regulatory corporations, CBM good operators, water remedy businesses, coverage makers, landowners, and the general public due to transformations within the caliber and volume of produced water; on hand infrastructure; charges to regard, shop, and shipping produced water; and states' felony attention of water and produced water. a few states think of produced water as waste, while others give some thought to it a important byproduct of methane creation. therefore, even though present applied sciences enable CBM produced water to be taken care of to any wanted water caliber, nearly all of CBM produced water is shortly being disposed of a minimum of fee instead of positioned to worthy use.
This ebook particularly examines the Powder River, San Juan, Raton, Piceance, and Uinta CBM basins within the states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. The conclusions and suggestions establish gaps in info and knowledge, power precious makes use of of CBM produced water and linked expenses, and demanding situations within the latest regulatory framework.
Read or Download Management and effects of coalbed methane produced water in the western United States PDF
Best water quality & treatment books
Advances in Water therapy and toxins Prevention explores the main up to date reports within the box of water pollutants. extra particularly, this booklet examines the reasons and results of this threatening phenomenon and identifies the preventive measures that may be taken to include, or even to defeat, water pollutants around the globe.
Membranes play a very important function in making sure the optimal use and restoration of fabrics in production. within the procedure industries, they're required for effective construction and minimization of environmental impression. also they are crucial for the effective creation of unpolluted water, an important worldwide factor.
The ways and strategies for water caliber tracking defined during this guide are established upon the event received, over twenty years, with the layout and institution of the worldwide freshwater caliber tracking community, GEMS/WATER. The GEMS/WATER programme is co-sponsored via the United international locations surroundings Programme (UNEP) and the area well-being association (WHO), including the United international locations academic, clinical and Cultural association (UNESCO) and the realm Meteorological Organiza .
Additional resources for Management and effects of coalbed methane produced water in the western United States
The CBM is found in the Mesaverde Group. Fm = Formation. , et al. Copyright 2003 by Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists. Reproduced with permission of Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists. 33 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the United States C O A L B E D M E T H A N E P R O D U C E D WAT E R I N T H E W E S T E R N U . S . 1). The Piceance and Uinta basins have seen significantly less CBM development.
SOURCE: Adapted from EIA (2009c). Criteria pollutants are the only air pollutants with national air quality standards that define allowable concentrations of these substances in ambient air. 13 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 3 Sedimentary basins with CBM resources in the United States show the highest concentrations in the western United States. S. 4). SOURCE: EIA (2007). Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the United States 14 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.
13 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 3 Sedimentary basins with CBM resources in the United States show the highest concentrations in the western United States. S. 4). SOURCE: EIA (2007). Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the United States 14 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the United States Methane and Water in Coalbeds vary within and among individual basins, depending on a basin’s geological evolution, the grade of coal in the basin, and the hydrogeological setting of the coal deposits in the basin (see Chapter 2 for detail).